Missouri Learning Standards

Unit 1 – Careers

Income 1. Identify components and sources of income.
Income 2. Analyze how career choice, education, skills, and economic conditions affect income and goal attainment.

Unit 2 – Income Sources & Taxes

Income 1. Identify components and sources of income.
Income 3. Relate taxes, government transfer payments, and employee benefits to disposable income.

Unit 3 – Money Management

Money Management 1. Explain how limited personal financial resources affect the choices people make.
Money Management 2. Interpret the opportunity costs of financial decisions.
Money Management 3. Evaluate the consequences of personal financial decisions.
Money Management 4. Apply a decision-making process to personal financial choices.
Money Management 5. Summarize how inflation affects spending and saving decisions.
Money Management 7. Design a financial plan (budget) for earning, spending, saving, and investing.
Money Management 9. Analyze the role of the Federal Reserve in controlling the money supply.
Spending and Credit 1. Compare the benefits and costs of alternatives in spending decisions.

Unit 4 – Savings

Money Management 8. Demonstrate how to use the services available from financial institutions.
Saving & Investing 1. Compare consumer choices for saving and investing.
Saving & Investing 2. Explain the relationship between saving and investing.
Saving & Investing 3. Examine reasons for saving and investing, e.g., time value of money.

Unit 5 – Investing

Saving & Investing 1. Compare consumer choices for saving and investing.
Saving & Investing 2. Explain the relationship between saving and investing.
Saving & Investing 3. Examine reasons for saving and investing, e.g., time value of money.
Saving & Investing 4. Compare the risk, return, liquidity, manageability, and tax aspects of investment alternatives.
Saving & Investing 5. Demonstrate how to buy and sell investments.
Saving & Investing 6. Analyze factors affecting the rate of return on investments (e.g., Rule of 72, simple interest, compound interest).
Saving & Investing 7. Evaluate sources of investment information.
Saving & Investing 8. Examine how agencies that regulate financial markets protect investors.
Saving & Investing 9. Demonstrate how to evaluate advisors’ credentials and how to select professional advisors and their services.

Unit 6 – Spending & Credit

Spending & Credit 1. Compare the benefits and costs of alternatives in spending decisions.
Spending & Credit 2. Evaluate information about products and services.
Spending & Credit 3. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of different payment methods.
Spending & Credit 4. Analyze the benefits and cost of consumer credit.
Spending & Credit 5. Compare sources of consumer credit (e.g., credit cards, consumer loans, auto loans, student loans).
Spending & Credit 6. Evaluate the terms and conditions of credit cards and consumer loans.
Spending & Credit 7. Evaluate factors that affect creditworthiness.
Spending & Credit 8. Explain the purpose and components of credit records.
Spending & Credit 9.Demonstrate awareness of consumer protection and information (e.g., identity theft, phishing, scams).
Spending & Credit 10. Propose ways to avoid or correct credit problems.
Spending & Credit 11. Describe the rights and responsibilities of buyers and sellers under consumer protection laws.

Unit 7 – Risk Management

Money Management 6. Evaluate how insurance (e.g., auto, home, life, medical and long-term health) and other risk management strategies protect against financial loss.
Spending & Credit 2. Evaluate information about products and services.